We are going to talk about a very famous and ancient game called Solitaire. The popularity of this game is so much widespread that it comes with installation files of each Windows Version. In addition to its existence within each computer, it is also included in cell phones and other small devices. There are still some unconfirmed reports that people play it using playing cards. This game can be played without brains whatsoever, and this may be a strong reason for its popularity. Most of the people play it without any thought; they simply go to any stockpile and play it that comes across first. People never use thoughts to make a play nor do they make any choices. They just avail hidden fun and win almost 1 of 8 games.

 There is a minority of players who do think before playing this game. They tend to use their mind as they think it to be a peculiar point in this game. There is a treasure of fun in this game if played wisely and with accurate judgment. They think not playing any single move at some particular time to avoid defeat. They know if they change or manipulate any stockpile, they would have a desired card. You may have thought that this is a very complex game which you can never win all the time, it is your mistake. Your way of handling and thinking can change this misleading thought. All this game demands, is MANIPULATION of stockpiles wisely with extra due diligence. As it is a universal fact that each trend and festival, we enthusiastically celebrate over years, has some historical background. Similarly, Solitaire has its own unique history which caused the evolution of this amazing game.

It is time to make your aware of the history of Solitaire game. Like the inception or origin of other playing cards, the origin of Solitaire is also not fully confirmed and known. Different people explain its history in their own ways that, of course, have variations and dissimilarity. Most of the researchers and scholars describe Solitaire being a game of French origin because early English books and reading materials had fully pointed out French literature to ascertain Solitaire’s origin. This English literature had massively included the references of French civilization about other forms of Solitaire. The determination of its French origin can be made through names of these games already written as evidence in earlier English books. These names include La Belle Lucie, Le Cadran, Le Loi Salique, La Nivernaise etc.

Solitaire has many names worldwide. It is generally called “Patience” in British language. In French, it is called especially “Success”. Some other languages including Norwegian, Danish use the word “Kabal” or “Kabala” to describe Solitaire. This all goes back to the early inception of Solitaire where the sole aim of this game was to tell fortune. The word “Solitaire” emerged in the year 1783, where a German book of games primarily referred to this game. It was explained as a game having competitive characteristic where players would play or take turns with separate decks of cards. The sole idea of playing Solitaire completely by oneself came out of those people who want to do practicing for various competitive games. The very foremost collection of Solitaire Card games mentioned in the English Literature is attached to  “Lady Adelaide Cadogan” when her illustrated card games were published in 1870 in her book. This book got a lot of fame and popularity that publishing media started reprinting it over and over again. Prior to this book, there was no literature about Solitaire in any published material, even in famous books like Charles Cotton’s The Complete Gamester (1674), Abbe Bellecour’sAcademie des Jeux (1674), and Bohn’s Handbook of Games (1850); they were all used for just referring to Solitaire Games.

 Lady Cadogan’s book surpassed other books such as “Patience” by E. D. Cheney, “Amusements for Invalids” by Annie B. Henshaw (1870), and later “Dick’s Games of Patience”, published by Dick and Fitzgerald. Other books about solitaire written towards the end of the 19th century were by H. E. Jones (a.k.a. Cavendish), Angelo Lewis (a.k.a. Professor Hoffman), Ernest Bergholt, and Basil Dalton.

There is one belief about the popularity of Solitaire that Napoleon was the one who had played this game in his exile. However, Napoleon was the personality who enjoyed the most demanding game of all times “Whilst”. There are still doubts if he played these games in reality or invented them, but his name is attributed to because of his references included in Literature. Nevertheless, it had become the most favorite of French society by the mid of 19th Century.

Franklin D. Roosevelt had been one of the many famous and popular solitaire players. His favorite solitaire was Spider solitaire, but there is also a solitaire game generally known as “Roosevelt”.

There are still literature references to this game. Some of them include:

  • Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace “describes an incident that happened in 1808 where the people were playing patience.

  • The person rising accusations in Charles Dickens’s “Great Expectations” plays solitaire in a flat.

  • In John Steinbeck’s “novella Of Mice and Men”, protagonist George Milton was playing this versatile game on the road and farm house.

  • Somerset Maugham’s “Gentleman in the Parlor” explains Spider.

  • In Fyodor Dostoevsky’s novel “The Brothers Karamazov”, the actor Grushenka was playing a solitaire game to get through era of crisis.

  • In Peter Duck, Captain Flint keeps himself trapped by playing Miss Milligan.

There are more than 100 individual solitaire games, but when you include some variations in them, they become more than 1000 games.

In the earlier 1980s, personal computers lifted solitaire and made it more popular than ever. Since players were not in need of shuffling and playing card for every hand, as this feature made it more enjoyable. In addition, the facility of starting new game with only a simple mouse click increased its popularity so much that players had become addictive to this game.

However, there are still a lot people who play this game with old and standard ways that Napoleon adopted about 200 year ago.

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